In its best times the city had over 1 million inhabitants nearly ten times as much as today. Syracuse in the south of the east coast Sicily's, the hometown of the mathematician and technical designer Archimedes, which was created by settlers from Corinth 734 before Christ, was over centuries the metropolis of large Greece. Dionysius I. and II. prevailed here, among those also to Adranodorosand Hippocrates as their regent. Among the Romans the city became the first province of the Roman realm and capital of the Sicily 1200 years before. Well 700 years later, than the island has fallen to the Byzantine, the meaning of the city rose again, and, Syracuse replaced even Constantinople 7 years long, from 661 to 668 as the capital of the east Roman realm.
Today Syracuse with its 121,000 inhabitants is an alive, but rather contemplative city of the deep European south, which offers numerous historical certifications and substantial art treasures. Particularly impressively is the cathedral of Syracuse, which obviously is at first sight developed for church Santa Maria depression Colonna, from a several times converted Greek temple, despite the baroque front inside. The temple was dedicated to the goddess Athena. Not far from the cathedral is the centre of the city, the Piazza Archimedes.
Beside the Greeks and the Romans, they have left the Arabs. The Normans and the so-called "Staufer" as well as the Bourbons left their traces in the city, whereby one of Friedrich the 2nd's. established fortresses at the south point of the island Ortigia earns special attention in the year 1239, which has built the internal historical core of the city. With the Foro Italico, one of the most beautiful city promenades in the Mediterranean area, with the enormous Roman Amphibian theatre, with an antique quarry, with the ear of the Dionysus, with the Greek theatre from that 5th Century before Christ, with extensive Catacombs, with temples and museums and the source of fresh water Aretusa, which penetrates nearby the Ionic sea to the surface, existed by Papyrus trees, Syracuse can offer objects of interest and treasures, which led to the fact that it was raised from the UNESCO to the world cultural heritage in 2005.